Periarthritis (Frozen Shoulder)

Frozen shoulder, medically referred to as adhesive capsulitis, is a disorder in which the shoulder capsule, the connective tissue surrounding the glenohumeral joint of the shoulder, becomes inflamed and stiff, and grows together with abnormal bands of tissue, called adhesions, greatly restricting motion and causing chronic pain. It has an incidence of 2.4/1000 per year. Adhesive capsulitis is a painful and disabling condition that often causes great frustration for patients and caregivers due to slow recovery. Movement of the shoulder is severely restricted. Pain is usually constant, worse at night, and along with the restricted movement can make even small tasks impossible. Certain movements can cause sudden onset of tremendous pain and cramping that can last several minutes.

The following signs and symptoms :

  • This condition for which an exact cause is unknown.
  • Some cases to be caused by injury or trauma to the area.
  • It may have an autoimmune component, with the body attacking healthy tissue in the shoulder.
  • Adhesions grow between the joints and tissue, greatly restricting motion and causing a number of painful complications.
  • There is also a lack of fluid in the joint, further restricting movement.